The situation is dire and it is this: nothing less
than the subversion of the vote counting process,
the bedrock protocol of our American democracy.
We who perceive that the could never happen is nonetheless
happening, ask for an unblinking examination of
the evidence supporting this gravest of charges.
We ask you specifically to use your powers and your
stature to the utmost to ensure that such an examination
indeed takes place.
media are not on our side. The politicians are not
on our side. Itís just us, connecting the dots,
fitting the fragments together, crunching the numbers,
wanting to know why there were so many irregularities
in the last election and why these glitches and
dirty tricks and wacko numbers had not just an anti-Kerry
but a racist tinge. This is not about partisan politics.
Itís more like: ďOh no, this canít be true.Ē [...]
Was the election of 2004 stolen? Thus is the question
framed by those who donít want to know the answer.
Anyone who says yes is immediately a conspiracy
nut, and the listenerís eyeballs roll. So letís
not ask that question.
CURTIS PASSES POLYGRAPH EXAM!
The lie-detector test, administered to Curtis
by Tim Robinson, the retired chief polygraph operator
for the Florida Department of Law Enforcement, found
that the Florida whistleblowing software designer
who has charged in a sworn affidavit that he was asked
by U.S. Rep. Tom Feeney (R-FL) to create an electronic
vote-rigging software prototype in 2000, was indeed
found to be truthful in all of his responses!
Facts - From
a Dkos Diary
and Diebold count 80% of all votes in America.
* Diebold also makes ATM machines. Their ATM machines,
unlike their electronic voting machines during the
2004 election, provide
managed many aspects of the 2004 election,
including voter registration, printing of ballots,
the programming of their voting machines, tabulation
of votes (often with armed guards keeping the media
and members of the public who wished to witness the
count at bay) and the first reporting of the results
-- for 60 million voters in 47 states. Actual
counting of votes by citizens is very rare in the
U.S., except for a few counties in Montana and other
states, where paper ballots are still hand-counted.
* The largest investors in ES&S, Sequoia (another
voting machine company), and Diebold are government
defense contractors Northrup-Grumman, Lockheed-Martin,
Electronic Data Systems (EDS) and Accenture. Diebold
hired Scientific Applications International Corporation
(SAIC) of San Diego to develop the software security
in their voting machines. A
majority of officials on SAIC's board are former members
of either the Pentagon or the CIA including:
- Army Gen. Wayne Downing, formerly
of the NSC
- Bobby Ray Inman; former CIA
- Retired Adm. William Owens,
former vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- Robert Gates, another former
director of the CIA.
* The U.S.'s largest voting machine company, ES&S,
is owned by The Omaha World Herald.
has its corporate headquarters in Ohio.
* Diebold chairman, president, and C.E.O., Walden
O'Dell, is a prominent Bush supporter and fund-raiser
who proclaimed in 2003 that he was "committed
to helping Ohio deliver its electoral votes to the
president next year." (See "Hack
the Vote," by Michael Shnayerson, Vanity Fair,
vice president of E.S.&S. and the president of
Diebold are brothers.
* Diebold and ES&S's other major "competitor",
owned by a partner member of the Carlyle Group,
which has substantial ties to the Bush family and
* Republican Senator Chuck Hagel used to be chairman
of AIS, which later became ES&S. He
became Senator based on votes counted by ES&S
machines in Nebraska in what was a major upset.
* Senator Hagel, who was on the short-list of G.W.
Bush's VP candidates, was
caught concealing information about his ownership
of ES&S by the Senate Ethics Committee,
even though he was officially absolved of improperly
* One of the longest-serving Diebold directors is
W.R. "Tim" Timken. Since 1991 the
Timken Company and members of the
Timken family have contributed more than a million
dollars to the Republican Party and to GOP
presidential candidates such as George W. Bush. Between
2000 and 2002 alone, Timken's Canton-based bearing
and steel company gave more than $350,000 to Republican
causes, while Timken himself gave more than $120,000.
In 2004, he was one of George W. Bush's campaign Pioneers,
and pulled in more than $350,000 for the president's
* In 2003, a cadre of computer scientists showed that
the software running Diebold's
new machines can be hacked with relative ease.
* On a CNBC cable TV program, Black Box Voting (which
opposes electronic voting) executive Bev Harris showed
guest host Howard Dean how to alter vote totals within
90 seconds by entering a two-digit code in
a hidden program on Diebold's election software. "This
is not a bug or accidental oversight," Harris
said. "It is there on purpose."
of a subsidiary of Diebold once included a cocaine
trafficker, a man who conducted fraudulent
stock transactions and a programmer jailed for falsifying
computer records. The programmer, Jeffrey Dean,
wrote and maintained proprietary code used to count
hundreds of thousands of votes as senior vice president
of Global Election Systems, or GES. Diebold purchased
GES in January 2002. According to a public court
document released before GES hired him, Dean served
time in a Washington state correctional facility for
stealing money and tampering with computer files in
a scheme that "involved a high degree of sophistication
and planning." He left when Diebold acquired
Voting irregularities in Maryland:
to a report to the Montgomery County Election Board,
dated December 13, 2004, there were two broad levels
of problems with Diebold machines. 7% of units (189)
failed. This included failure to boot up, screen freezes
and a variety of other problems. Screen freezes, which
occurred on 106 voting units were "the most serious
of errors" because many "froze when the
voter pressed the Cast Ballot button." As a result
"election judges are unable to provide substantial
confirmation that the vote was in fact counted."
In addition there were "122 suspect units (5%)
were identified because the unit had few votes captured
compared to other voting units in the polling place.
* Also in Montgomery Co., computer memory cards where
vote totals are stored inside each voting machine
unreadable in multiple counties.
Voting irregularities in Ohio:
than 35 Ohio counties used electronic voting machines
made by Diebold and up to 50,000 Diebold touch-screen
machines and 20,000 scanners of paper ballots were
used in 38 states during the November 2004 election.
* In Butler County, a
Democrat running for the State Supreme Court chief
justice received 61,559 votes. The Kerry-Edwards ticket
drew about 5,000 fewer votes, at 56,243. This
judicial candidate also outpolled the Kerry-Edwards
ticket in 11 other counties.
Cuyahoga County, which includes the city of
Cleveland, two largely black precincts on the East
Side voted like this: In Precinct 4F: Kerry, 290;
Bush, 21; Peroutka, 215. In Precinct 4N: Kerry, 318;
Bush, 11; Badnarik, 163. Mr. Peroutka and Mr. Badnarik
are, respectively, the presidential candidates of
the Constitution and Libertarian Parties. By
way of contrast, in 2000, Ralph Nader's best year,
the total vote received in Precinct 4F by all third-party
candidates combined was eight.
Montgomery County, two precincts recorded a combined
undervote of almost 6,000. An "undervote"
means the voter made selections for lesser offices,
but did not vote for President. In these two
precincts alone, that number represents an undervote
of 25%, in a county where undervoting averages out
at just 2%. Democratic precincts had 75% more undervotes
than Republican ones.
* In Precinct lB of Gahanna, in Franklin County, a
computerized voting machine recorded a total of 4,258
votes for Bush and 260 votes for Kerry. In
that precinct, however, there are only 800 registered
voters, of whom 638 showed up.
* In Miami County, the Concord Southwest and Concord
South precincts boasted incredibly high 98.5% and
94.27% turnouts, respectively, both
of them registering overwhelming majorities for Bush.
Miami County also managed to report 19,000 additional
votes for Bush after 100% of the precincts had reported
on Election Day.
* In Mahoning County, Washington Post reporters found
that many people had been victims of "vote hopping,"
i.e., voting machines highlighted
a choice of one candidate after the voter had recorded
a preference for another.
* Ohio Secretary of State J. Kenneth Blackwell, a
for ample voting booths in GOP areas and a shortage
in liberal college towns and minority precincts.
Despite the huge increase in new voter registration
(91% of which was Democratic), Blackwell provided
fewer total voting machines than were used in 2000.
Christopher Hitchens: "In practically
every case [in Ohio] where lines were too long or
machines too few the foul-up was in a Democratic county
or precinct, and in practically every case where machines
produced impossible or improbable outcomes it was
the challenger who suffered and the actual or potential
Democratic voters who were shortchanged, discouraged,
or held up to ridicule as chronic undervoters or as
sudden converts to fringe-party losers."
* At least of 40
of 798 ES&S machines that were personally monitored
in Ohio shut down and flashed a message that
repair was needed during the 2004 election. These
machines could not be made to report a final printed
Voting irregularities in Florida:
In the 2000 election, in Volusia County, Florida,
a Diebold-made central ballot-counting computer showed
Socialist Party candidate receiving more than 9,000
votes and Vice President Al Gore getting minus 19,000.
Another 4,000 votes poured into the plus column for
Bush that didn't belong there.
* ES&S voting machines in Florida may
have awarded George W. Bush up to 260,000 more votes
than he should have received, according to
a statistical analysis conducted by University of
California, Berkeley graduate students and a professor.
The total number of excessive votes ranged between
130,000 and 260,000, depending on what kind of problem
caused the excess votes. The counties most affected
by the anomaly were heavily Democratic. A sociology
professor said the chance for such a discrepancy to
occur was less than 1 in 1,000.
* While the approximated Florida discrepancy would
not overcome a reported 350,000 vote Bush lead, no
meaningful recount can ever be carried out because
machines do not leave a paper trail of any sort.
* Kathy Dopp examined the State of Florida's county-by-county
record of votes cast and people registered by party
affiliation in the days immediately following the
numbers Dopp looked at showed widespread election
anomalies in 47 of the state's 67 counties.
The discrepancies did not occur so much in the touch-screen
counties, where public scrutiny would naturally be
focused, but in counties where optically screened
paper ballots were fed into a central tabulator PC,
which is highly vulnerable to hacking. Colin
Shea of Zogby International analyzed and double-checked
Dopp's figures and confirmed that optical-scan counties
gave Bush 16% more votes than he should have gotten.
"This 16% would not be strange if it were
spread across counties more or less evenly,"
Shea explains, but it is not. In 11 different counties,
the "actual" Bush tallies were 50-100% higher
than expected. In one county, where 88% of voters
are registered Democrats, Bush got nearly two-thirds
of the vote -- three times more than predicted by
Shea's statistical model. "In 21 counties,
more than 50% of Democrats would have to have defected
to Bush to account for the results," Shea says.
"In four counties at least 70% [defection] would
have been required. These results are absurdly unlikely."
* In 47 Florida counties, initial vote tallies showed
total number of presidential votes exceeded the total
number of voters who showed up at the polls.
Palm Beach County recorded 90,774 more votes than
voters and Miami Dade had 51,979 more, while relatively
honest Orange County had only 1,648 more votes than
voters. Overall, Florida reported 237,522 more presidential
votes (7.59 million) than citizens who turned out
to cast ballots (7.35 million). These anomalies evaporated,
without explanation, when Florida issued its last
set of poll numbers.
* In Broward Country, the central tabulating machine
was incorrectly programmed to expect only 32,000 votes
from each precinct; when more votes were received,
machine started counting backwards. The problem
existed in the 2002 elections in Broward County but
was never fixed. Throughout Florida, as in most tossup
states, poll monitors saw prospective voters leaving
because of long lines. There were numerous reports
of sub-par facilities and faulty equipment in minority
* Several dozen voters in six states -- particularly
Democrats in Florida -- said
the wrong candidate appeared on their touch-screen
machine's checkout screen (i.e. they voted
one way and the result which appeared was the opposite).
* Keith Olbermann demonstrated on MSNBC's Countdown
program that many Florida counties where Democrats
allegedly "crossed over" were voting Republican
for the first time. He also poked another hole
in the theory that these voters were "Dixiecrats"
when he noted, "On the same Florida Democratic
ballots where Bush scored big, people supported highly
Democratic measures -- such as raising the state minimum
wage $1 above the federal level. This
indicates that only the presidential voting was rigged."
* Moreover, the 18 switchover Florida counties were
not in the panhandle or near the Georgia border, but
were scattered throughout the state. For instance,
voters in Glades County (Everglades region) registered
64.8% Republican but cast 38.3% more votes for Bush
than for Kerry. Hardee County (between Bradenton and
Sebring) registered 63.8% Democratic but officially
gave Bush 135% more votes than Kerry.
discrepancies between exit polls and vote tabulations
where electronic voting was used:
- Concerning the discrepancies between
exit polls and the final vote tally in 2004, Dr. Steven
F. Freeman, faculty member of the University
of Pennsylvania determined that the likelihood of
Kerry receiving only 47.1% in Florida, given that
the exit polls indicated 49.7% is
less than 3 in 1,000. Although Kerry did carry
Pennsylvania, the likelihood of his receiving only
50.8% given that the exit polls indicated 54.1% is
less than 2 in 1,000. Similarly the likelihood of
Kerry receiving only 48.5% in Ohio, given the exit
polls indicated 52.1% is less than 1 in 1,000 (.0008).
Freeman says, "The likelihood of any two
of these statistical anomalies occurring together
is on the order of one-in-a-million. The odds against
all three occurring together are 250 million to 1.
As much as we can say in social science that something
is impossible, it is impossible that the discrepancies
between predicted and actual vote counts in the three
critical battleground states could have been due to
chance or random error."
- In 10 states where there were verifiable paper trails
-- or no electronic machines -- the
final results hardly differed from initial exit polls.
Exit polls and final counts in Missouri, Louisiana,
Maine and Utah, for instance, varied by 1% or less.
In non-paper-trail states, however, there were significant
differences. Florida saw a shift from Kerry +1% in
the exit polls to Bush +5% at evening's end. In Ohio,
Kerry went from +3% to -3%. Other big discrepancies
in key states were: Minnesota (from +10% to +4%),
New Mexico (+4 to -1), Nevada (+1 to -3), Wisconsin
(+7 to +0.4), Colorado (-2 to -5), North Carolina
(-4 to -13), Iowa (+1 to -1), New Hampshire (+14 to
+1) and Pennsylvania (+8 to +2). Exit polls also had
Kerry winning the national popular vote by 3%.
- On November 10, 2004, Keith Olbermann reported that
computerized balloting in North Carolina was so thoroughly
messed up that all statewide voting may have to be
recounted. A Craven County, N.C. district recorded
11,283 more votes than there were voters, overturning
the results of a regional race.
glitches haunt statistician By Rob Zaleski
Rob Brian Joiner wishes he could "just get over
it."He wishes he could ignore the thousands of
reported voting irregularities that occurred in the
Nov. 2 election, accept the fact that George W. is
going to be around another four years and just hope
that we haven't created even more enemies or fallen
even deeper into debt by the time 2008 rolls around.
"I'm sure the Republicans would like me to forget
all that stuff, just like they wanted everyone to
forget all the strange things that happened in the
2000 election," the retired 67-year-old UW-Madison
statistics professor said this week. Well, sorry guys,
but he can't.
GOP party head sentenced to seven months in phone
Chuck McGee pleaded guilty in federal court to conspiring
to make anonymous calls to annoy or harass. He also
was fined $2,000 and ordered to perform 200 hours
of community service. He faced up to 5 years in prison
and a $250,000 fine.
maneuvering to get Voting Rights Act killed
the stranger bearing gifts. Or as the law teaches,
caveat emptor, buyer beware. Look before you leap.
All these warnings apply to the emerging Republican
positioning on the Voting Rights Act.
sun revolves around the Earth and George W. Bush won
the election in Ohio
In order to believe that Bush won in Ohio, you have
to ignore deadly accurate exit polls and all observable
data to avoid the Bush family theft. By refusing to
consider this CIA-connected familys history,
one must accept the following ridiculous political
conclusions: that Bush supporters were shy in Ohio
and Florida and reluctant to answer exit poll questions,
but not shy in Arizona, Arkansas and Louisiana; that
pollster Zogbys Election Day calls for Kerry
in Ohio and Florida were wrong, as well as the Harris
poll; that Mitofskys exit polling is flawed
in the U.S. but an accurate predictor in the Ukraine
for fraud; that Kerry easily carried the metropolitan
areas of Cleveland and Columbus but lost due to an
unobserved Bush surge in rural Appalachia; that Bush
won despite an incumbent approval rating under 50%;
that Bush got 80% or so of the undecided vote although
all professional pollsters agree that undecideds generally
vote for the challenger; and private partisan companies
that secretly count the vote without paper trails
are fair and honestly doing their job.
Heinz Kerry - Hacking the "Mother Machine"?
"Two brothers own 80 percent of the [voting]
machines used in the United States," Teresa Heinz
Kerry told a group of Seattle guests at a March 7,
2005 lunch for Representative Adam Smith, according
to reporter Joel Connelly in an article in the Seattle
Post-Intelligencer. Connelly noted Heinz Kerry added
that it is "very easy to hack into the mother
Heinz Kerry is openly skeptical about results from
November's election, particularly in sections of the
country where optical scanners were used to record
votes."Two brothers own 80 percent of the machines
used in the United States," Heinz Kerry said.
She identified both as "hard-right" Republicans.
She argued that it is "very easy to hack into
the mother machines."
Halts Deployment Of Diebold Voting Machines For 2004
Ohio Secretary of State J. Kenneth Blackwell today
halted deployment of Diebold Election Systems
electronic voting devices in Ohio for the 2004 General
Election. The decision is based on preliminary findings
from the secretary of state's second round of security
testing conducted by Compuware Corporation showing
the existence of previously identified, but yet unresolved
of a patriot: No more
The subject line on yesterdays email read: Another
mysterious accident solves a Bush problem. Athan Gibbs
dead, Diebold lives. The attached news story
briefly described the untimely Friday, March 12th
death of perhaps Americas most influential advocate
of a verified voting paper trail in the era of touch
screen computer voting. Gibbs, an accountant for more
than 30 years and the inventor of the TruVote system,
died when his vehicle collided with an 18-wheeled
truck which rolled his Chevy Blazer several times
and forced it over the highway retaining wall where
it came to rest on its roof.
You Should Be Scared to Death of Electronic Voting
scientists and security experts say the systems are
so insecure they can be manipulated from inside --
by government poll workers and employees of the contractors
-- and hacked from the outside. No one will know because
those experts also say such vote-tampering would be
nearly impossible to detect. E-voting systems also
arent open to public scrutiny. The code is proprietary,
written and owned by the vendors hired to record and
count the votes.
Our Votes - Insist on Paper trail!
systems that are easier to use don't have to be harder
to trust. Every voting method should produce a paper
ballot, so that voters can verify that their vote
is recorded correctly and kept for counting and recounting.
"Every voter should be able to verify his or
her vote on a paper ballot. Election officials must
make sure electronic voting terminals produce Voter-Verified
Paper Ballots, and they must provide backup paper
ballots in case the terminals aren't working."
of state finally sees the e-voting light
a posse of computer scientists first raised dire warnings
about untrustworthy new voting machines in late 2002
and early 2003, California's top voting official thought
they were ``a bunch of nut jobs.''
But Secretary of State Kevin Shelley came to understand
the risks. And he's working to head them off.
want e-voting source code disclosed
DeForest Soaries, chairman of the Election Assistance
Commission, or EAC, said disclosing the source code--the
line-by-line instructions that make up an electronic
voting machine's software--would help to restore public
trust in the elections process. Vendors should not
"have the right to keep this source code a secret,"
Soaries told a dinner gathering of Maryland election
Hacked the Voting System? The Teacher
The fix was in, and it was devilishly hard to
detect. Software within electronic voting machines
had been corrupted with malicious code squirreled
away in images on the touch screen. When activated
with a specific series of voting choices, the rogue
program would tip the results of a precinct toward
a certain candidate. Then the program would disappear
without a trace.
Calls for Suspension of Electronic Voting
Dennis Kucinich today called on federal, state
and local election officials to suspend immediately
the implementation of any voting systems that do not
provide a 100 percent reliable paper-trail back-up
to corroborate results.
apologizes for device flaws
"We were caught. We apologize for that,"
They Could Steal the Election This Time
November 2 millions of Americans will cast their votes
for President in computerized voting systems that
can be rigged by corporate or local-election insiders.
Some 98 million citizens, five out of every six of
the roughly 115 million who will go to the polls,
will consign their votes into computers that unidentified
computer programmers, working in the main for four
private corporations and the officials of 10,500 election
jurisdictions, could program to invisibly falsify
dare call it voter suppression and fraud
Evidence is mounting that the 2004 presidential election
was stolen in Ohio. Emerging revelations of voting
irregularities coupled with well-documented Republican
efforts at voter suppression prior to the election
suggests that in a fair election Kerry would have
Fraud in the 2004 Presidential Election
The exit polls were dismissed as being innaccurate.
But their accuracy depended on the type of voting
machine that was used, implying that the machines,
not the polls, were inaccurate. he counties that used
optical scanner machines to record votes showed a
consistent pattern of far more votes for Bush and
far less votes for Kerry than projected, based on
the number of registered republicans and democrats.
Find More E-Vote Flaws
Voting activist Bev Harris and a computer scientist
say they found more vulnerabilities in an electronic
voting system made by Diebold Election Systems, weaknesses
that could allow someone to alter votes in the election
this November. ... In the demonstration, a five-line
script whipped up by a hacker in Notepad altered the
election tallies in Global Election Management System,
or GEMS, the (Windows-based) software that runs on
a county's server and tallies votes after they come
in from Diebold touch-screen and optical-scan machines
in polling places.
Much of Florida's vote will be counted by electronic
voting machines with no paper trails. Independent
computer scientists who have examined some of these
machines' programming code are appalled at the security
flaws. So there will be reasonable doubts about whether
Florida's votes were properly counted, and no paper
ballots to recount. The public will have to take the
result on faith.
Time for an E-Vote Glitch
It was simultaneously an uh-oh moment and an ah-ha
moment. When Sequoia Voting Systems demonstrated its
new paper-trail electronic voting system for state
Senate staffers in California last week, the company
representative got a surprise when the paper trail
failed to record votes that testers cast on the machine.
official seeks criminal probe of e-voting
Machines banned in four counties;
10 more counties must meet conditions.The states
top election official called for a criminal investigation
of Diebold Election Systems Inc. as he banned use
of the companys newest model touchscreen voting
machine, citing concerns about its security and reliability.
L. Rivest: Voting Resources Page
This page contains links to a number of useful resources
related to voting and voting technology. This collection
is idiosyncratic and not intended to
Hardblogger: Keith Olberman on George, John, and Ohio
numbers don't add up
hacking rigs election for Bush
Box Voting calls it Fraud
Pattern of Florida's Election Results
Greg Palast classic: An Election Spoiled
Dispatch: Vote Fraud in Ohio?
votes mis-cast on machines across the country
voting machine and exit poll discrepancies
for Public Accuracy on Ohio Elections
flaw found in Florida vote machines
numbers analysis (chart)
votes missing in Pennsylvania County
Beach county logs 88,000 more votes than voters
County Florida voting machines count backwards
Pres Odell's 2003 promise to "deliver Ohio for Bush"
Palast: Kerry Won
Machines yield fishy results
Error Gives Bush Extra Votes in Ohio
evidence of possible fraud in Darke County, Ohio
11,823 "extra" votes cast for Bush
Florida voter reg vs performance
looks very wrong in Florida
Theft Bombshell: Major Security Breach
mysterious accident solves a Bush problem. Athan Gibbs
dead, Diebold lives.
Orange County Voters Were Given Bad Ballots
Diebold and the 2000 election
pick up vote scam story (finally!)
of Election rigging!
voting's critics predict problems Oct. 7
see fraud danger in California's touch-screen voting
voting machines - busted again!
web site Diebold Wants to shut down
can you do to help? Sign this petition!
Paper Ballots petition
AMERICA AUDIT: 5 Things You Can Do Right Now to Reclaim
We advocate the use of voter-verified paper ballots
(VVPBs) for all elections in the United States, so
voters can inspect individual permanent records of
their ballots before they are cast and so meaningful
recounts may be conducted. We also insist that electronic
voting equipment and software be open to public scrutiny
and that random, surprise recounts be conducted on
a regular basis to audit election equipment.